About Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is a dental specialty that addresses conditions, defects, injuries, and esthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, jaws, and face. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons care for patients who experience such conditions as problem wisdom teeth, facial pain and mal-aligned jaws. Oral surgeons in India treat accident victims suffering facial injuries, offer reconstructive and dental implant surgery, and care for patients with tumors and cysts of the jaws and functional and esthetic conditions of the maxillofacial areas.
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons have specialized knowledge to perform diagnosis and surgical procedures like sagittal split osteotomy, related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws and neck. Depending on the nature of dental procedures, they are able to provide infection controlled quality dental care with maximum patient comfort and safety in the office or dental osteotomy, in the following:
In a situation when upper and lower jaws do not meet correctly due to reasons of difference in size, parallel, symmetric or a combination of these problems, orthognathic surgery is the only solution. Teeth are decompensated with orthodontics, and reconstructive facial surgery repositions the misaligned jaws. This not only improves facial appearance, but also ensures that teeth meet correctly and function properly. The problems associated with it like difficulty in chewing, biting or swallowing; speech problems; chronic jaw or TMJ pain; open bite; protruding jaw; and breathing problems are solved.
Facial Trauma (Maxillofacial Trauma)
Accidents are not necessarily associated with a happening in speeding vehicles that are dealt at Dental Clinic; it could also be accidental falls, impersonal violence, sports injuries, or any heavy object falling on you. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat Facial Trauma. The situation may be generally known as soft tissue injuries or bony injuries like facial lacerations; intra oral lacerations; avulsed (knocked out) teeth; fractured facial bones (cheek, nose or eye socket); fractured jaws (upper and lower jaw). Typically, facial injuries are classified as soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bony injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
There may be a host of reasons in maxillofacial regional that TMJ disorders develop. You might clench or grind your teeth (bruxism), tightening your jaw muscles and stressing your TMJ joint. You may have a misaligned bite or be missing teeth. You could also have a damaged jaw joint due to injury or disease. Whatever the cause, the symptoms may include a misaligned bite, pain, clicking or grating noises when you open your mouth, frequent headaches or neck aches, or trouble opening your mouth wide. Since some types of TMJ problems can lead to more serious conditions, it is important an I oral & maxillofacial surgeon is consulted for an early detection and treatment planning.
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons perform all major and minor bone grafting. There may be a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants or even full dentures. Over a period of time, the jawbone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is resorbed, and that leaves a patient not a good candidate for the conventional placement of dental implants. The use of bone grafts at Dental Clinic changes that situation. The bone graft procedures are referred to as sinus lift procedure and ridge augmentation, besides performing nerve repositioning. These surgeries are performed under I.V. sedation or general anesthesia.
Cosmetic Jaw Surgery
There are situations when oral health is not as much an issue as aesthetic appearance. Facial cosmetic surgery has long been the solution of choice for the correction of physical malformations resulting from aging, disease, injury and birth defects. The services of Oral surgeons are sought by a growing number of men and women of all ages are choosing facial cosmetic surgery to improve their appearance and reduce the signs of aging. The common cosmetic jaw surgery procedures include and not limited to, Maxillary osteotomy (upper jaw) that addresses receded or deficient upper jaw; Mandibular osteotomy (lower jaw) for receded lower jaw is often accompanied by a deficient chin; Apertognathia for oval-shaped gap between the upper and lower teeth in the front; Genioplasty (chin surgery); Liposuction and Liposculpture for double chin; Cheekbone Implants (Malar Augmentation) to better facial balance.
Wisdom Teeth Removal
The wisdom teeth are the last ones to erupt in the age range of 15-21 years. The average adult has thirty-two teeth by age eighteen: sixteen teeth on the top and sixteen teeth on the bottom. Each tooth in the mouth has a specific name and function. Properly aligned eruption sees healthy gums. But some times they may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. These impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to erupt. This may also result in orthodontic problems in future which may some be difficult to correct by the use of braces. The removal of wisdom teeth by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon is necessary in such a condition.
The placement of dental implants is one of the specialties oral & maxillofacial surgeons are called upon to perform at general dentist offices. Implants help preserve facial structure, preventing the bone deterioration that occurs when teeth are missing. Implants are surgically placed into the jawbone and take 3-6 months to osseointegrate. These titanium posts provide stable anchors for prosthetic replacement teeth, an implant bridge or an implant overdenture. Besides necessary diagnostics like OPG X-rays and CT scan, oral surgeons are trained to understand any deficiency in jaw bone when site is opened for implants. He may perform the necessary bone graft procedure to ensure success of the procedure.
It is often the case when patients wonder as to what involves in the dental care procedure for them. The anxiety and fear of the unknown pain are common. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained in all aspects of sedation dentistry or local anesthesia, all forms of sedation and general anesthesia administration, as per the dental treatment you are to undergo. Commonly, patients at Dental Clinic describe their feelings during surgery as comfortable and surprisingly pleasant